By the Associated Press
BOSTON -- Ralph Houk, who managed the powerhouse Yankees of the early 1960s to two World Series championships, died Wednesday. He was 90.
Houk also managed the Boston Red Sox and Detroit Tigers in a 20-season career that spanned three decades.
Red Sox spokesman Dick Bresciani said Houk's grandson, Scott Slaboden, told the team Houk died at his home in Winter Haven, Fla. Slaboden, who lives in the Boston area, wrote in an e-mail to the team that Houk "died peacefully of natural causes after having a brief illness."
Houk spent parts of eight seasons as a backup catcher for the New York Yankees, appearing in just 91 games. But former Yankees shortstop Tony Kubek, who played for Houk in the minors and majors with New York, said Houk learned a lot about handling a pitching staff from working with Hall of Famer catchers Yogi Berra and Bill Dickey in the bullpen.
"He had the Yankees' spirit, the Yankees' winning attitude," Kubek told The Associated Press in a phone interview. "He had all the qualities that make a special manager."
Houk managed 3,157 games and won 1,619 with a winning percentage of .514. After leaving the Yankees in 1973, he went to Detroit and managed the Tigers from 1974-78, compiling a 363-443 record.
Tigers third base coach Gene Lamont's most active season as a Tiger (1974) was with Houk as his manager.
"Tough guy, and we had bad teams," Lamont said, "but I'm sure he was a great manager. I know guys played hard for him."
Houk's final stint in the dugout came with Boston from 1981-84.
"People forget that before he was a manager, he was a war hero and he was a catcher for a lot of years," Tigers radio analyst Jim Price said. "He was a great guy, I knew him very well, and everyone that played for him loved him."
It's been a tough couple of weeks for the Yankees organization, which has lost three notable figures from its storied history in the last 10 days. Longtime public address announcer Bob Sheppard died on July 11 and iconic owner George Steinbrenner passed away two days later.
Houk's best seasons as a manager were his first three in New York. He took over the Yankees in 1961 and behind Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris the team won 109 game and a World Series championship.
The Yankees repeated as champions in 1962 and won the AL pennant in 1963, but were swept by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series.
Houk managed a handful of Hall of Famers in New York, but Kubek said he was an integral part of the team's success.
"Sometimes when you have good players, you can mess it up and he didn't do that," he said. "He didn't overmanage. He was probably, more than a strategist, a handler of men."
Houk moved into the front office after the series loss to the Dodgers, serving as Yankees general manager in 1964 and '65. He returned to managing the Yankees in 1966 and held the job until 1973, but he only had four more winning seasons and never finished better than second place.
The Lawrence, Kan., had only one winning season with the Tigers, his last in 1978.
"Ralph was a great baseball man who handled his players well and they played hard for him," Tigers Hall of Famer Al Kaline said in a statement released by the team. "He was well respected and a fun guy to be around. I enjoyed playing for him during my last year."
Former Tiger Willie Horton said in a statement, “I respected Ralph as a manager. We had formed a good relationship after we both retired from the game.”
Houk came out of retirement in 1980 at the age of 61 to take over as Red Sox manager.
But he'll most be remembered as a Yankee.
"He was just a wonderful guy, loyal to his players," Kubek said. "The Major was just a great person."
Houk is survived by his daughter, Donna Houk Slaboden, his son Robert Houk and four grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren.